Protected by the prison for 142 years, initially a penal colony, a high security prison up until our days. The “flat” island is a unique resource: the meadows of Posidonia, the most important catacombs to the North of Rome, the Roman Villa of Agrippa, the Sanatorium of Punta Marchese where Sandro Pertini was also imprisoned, flora and fauna characterized by numerous rarities, due to evolution “in isolation” and an exceptional migratory flow.
The Island, located to the South of Elba is a triangle of land at just 20 to 30 metres above sea level.
Since 1997 the Pianosa sea, due to the development of a marine mile, is part of the National Park of the Tuscan Archipelago. The dominating winds are the Mistral and the Gregale.